The thyroid gland that is located in front of our neck releases the hormones that influence almost all parts of the body. They affect the use of energy, burning of calories and heartbeats etc i.e. metabolism. Known as overactive thyroid; Hyperthyroidism is the condition wherein excessive hormone thyroxine is produced by the thyroid gland. It may result in accelerated metabolism that often leads to irritability, nervousness, sweating and unusual heartbeats. Thus production of excessive thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland than the requisite levels is called as Hyperthyroidism. It is known as overactive thyroid or overactive thyroid disease in the medical world.

Symptoms – Many persons affected with mild form of Hyperthyroidism may not show any symptoms. But this problem usually results in discomfort or problems in one’s daily activities and creates hurdles for doing one’s tasks in usual manners. Persons affected with this disease may experience a lump in front of the neck. Enlargement of thyroid, i.e.  Goiter is often detected by the doctor. Those affected with Hyperthyroidism may suffer from nervousness and become irritable. Anxiety is also one of the symptoms of this disease that is associated usual loose bowel movements. Disturbed sleep is also its sign. Patients may suffer from double vision too. Loss of hair from the scalp, thinning of hair and brittle hair are also the symptoms of Hyperthyroidism. It may result in unusual heart beat or changes in the menstrual cycles in the women that may suffer from irregular periods or lighter bleeding too. Weakened muscles, shaky hands, sweating and thinning of skin are also the symptoms of Hyperthyroidism. Many patients may suffer from loss of weight in spite of enhanced appetite.

Causes – Several factors may result in this disorder. Autoimmune condition known as Graves’ disease may be behind Hyperthyroidism. It results in excessive amount of thyroid hormones and may occur in families.  Inflammation of thyroid known as Thyroiditis is also another big cause of this disease. The glad becomes swelled due to a problem or virus. It leads to leaking of thyroid hormones into the blood stream. Different types of Thyroiditis; i.e. Sub acute, postpartum or silent type may affect the persons that suffer from Hyperthyroidism. Thyroid nodules may also be responsible for this problem. Excessive intake of iodine through seaweed supplements or kelp etc is also responsible.

Diagnosis and Treatment – The doctor may recommend blood tests, thyroid ultrasound or scan to assess the problem and suggest suitable treatment. He or she will consider the patient’s age, overall health and other relevant features. The patients may be advised to take anti-thyroid drugs like methimazole or propylthiouracil. Intake of Radioactive Iodine by mouth is also quite effective in dealing with overactive thyroid. It is much helpful for the patients that experience sufficient relief. But the pregnant women should avoid it. Surgery, known as thyroidectomy may be recommended in certain cases. The thyroid is removed in full or in partial manners with this method. The patients may be asked to take thyroid hormone-replacement medications after this operation. Beta-blockers are also quite helpful to manage Hyperthyroidism.

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    Health Pack for Hyperthyroidism

    Health Pack for Hyperthyroidism


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