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Epilepsies or simply epilepsy is a condition relevant to the mental aspect of human body. It is a condition when abnormal behavior, symptoms and sensations are noticed in the sufferer. Even there may be loss of consciousnes due to epileptic attack on the body. It is a disorder associated with the central nervous system under which the activity of nerve cells is affected adversely which in turn results in seizures. Seizures may be experienced by a person occasionally even when he/she is not suffering from epilepsy. But people suffering from epilepsy suffer from frequent attacks of seizures and also experience certain signs and symptoms. Going blank or unconscious for sometime doesn’t necessarily mean epileptic attack.

Types of seizures
Seizures may be of two types depending upon their location in the brain. Focal seizures are such seizures that appear from the abnormal activity of nerve cells in just a particular area of the brain. These are also referred to as partial seizures. Focal seizures may be without the loss of consciousness or with partial loss of consciousness.

On the other hand, generalized symptoms are such seizures under which almost all the areas of the brain are involved. The symptoms of such type of seizures are somewhat similar to migraine, mental illness or narcolepsy. Generalized seizures may be further divided into various sub-categories including absence seizures, tonic seizures, atonic seizures, clonic seizures, Myoclonic seizures and Tonic-clonic seizures.

What causes epilepsies?
The chief reason for occurrence of epilepsy is the abnormal activity of the nerve cells in the brain. This condition arises due to multiple causative factors. These may include genetic factors that make this nervous disorder to run in families. Brain tumors, brain strokes and such other conditions relevant to the brain may also be the causative factors for epileptic attacks. Some injury or trauma to the head may also result in epilepsy.

Prenatal injury that is mainly caused due to insufficient supply of oxygen, blood and nutrients to the brain cells when a baby is still in the womb of his/her mother may also cause epilepsy or cerebral palsy. Certain infectious diseases such as AIDS, viral encephalitis, meningitis etc. may also cause epileptic attacks. Some people may suffer from epilepsy due to disorders relevant to the development of the body. These may include autism and neurofibromatosis.

Epilepsy indicators
The signs and symptoms of epilepsy may appear differently in different people due to the reason that symptoms appear in accordance with the part of the brain affected and its corresponding effect on the physical aspect and functions. Some of the chief signs and symptoms of epilepsy may include constant staring at one point or in one direction, momentary confusion, involuntary shaking movements of the arms and legs, intuitive symptoms and loss of consciousness or awareness.

Risk factors for epilepsy
Various risk factors that increase the chances of epileptic attacks in a person are age, hereditary factors, injury to the head, dementia, brain infections, stroke and other vascular diseases. Children and people above 60 years of age are more prone to suffer from epileptic attacks.

 

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