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Constipation is a common problem relevant to the digestive system which may be experienced by most people in routine life. Under this condition, the sufferer suffers from lesser stools as compared to the normal level. There may be as less as three stools per week or even one stool per week when a person suffers from constipation. Although it is not a serious disorder or condition related to the digestive system however it is quite discomforting. At the same time, it also invites numerous health issues. Constipation may appear as a symptom of some other health problems too. The main reason for occurrence of constipation is slow movement of stool through the colon. This problem is mainly characterized by slow, hard and small stools. Constipation may be acute or chronic depending upon the individual physical conditions or the underlying causes.

What causes constipation?
Constipation may be caused due to multiple reasons. It is because digestive system is linked to other systems and organs too and complications in anyone of these may result in malfunctioning of this important system of the body. This may ultimately cause constipation. The major and common factors responsible for occurrence of constipation are as given below.

  • Lack of fiber and roughage in the diet
  • Use of certain medicines or drugs
  • Use of laxatives
  • Hormonal disorders or hormonal imbalance in the body
  • Intake of insufficient quantity of water that results in dehydration in the body
  • Certain disorders relevant to the colon such as pelvic flow dysfunction and colonic inertia
  • Obesity or excessive body weight
  • Pregnancy due to which the level of estrogen and progesterone hormones rises in the body
  • Lack of physical activity or exercise
  • Poor bowel evacuation habits
  • Suppression of urge to defecate frequently
  • Certain diseases or disorders relevant to the central nervous system
  • Mental stress, tension and depression

Chief signs and symptoms of Constipation
Similar to other digestive disorders constipation is also characterized by multiple signs and symptoms. These may appear differently in different people. Have a look.

  • The most common and evident symptom of constipation is the fact that the sufferer finds it difficult to evacuate bowel completely. There is infrequent bowel movement per week.
  • The sufferer also complains of pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen.
  • People suffering from constipation also suffer from straining to have a bowel movement. The concerned people have to exert great pressure on the abdomen so as to evacuate the bowel.
  • During constipation, there are small, hard and infrequent stools.
  • There is great pain in the rectum while passage of stools.
  • The person suffering from constipation may also experience bleeding from the rectum or fissures in the anus.
  • Even there is physiological stress due to presence of wastes in the body as a result of constipation.

People suffering from constipation need not worry as it can be treated or got ridden of by paying attention to diet and lifestyle. You must eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables to supply apt amount of fiber to the stomach. Drink plenty of water as it helps in clearance of wastes from the body. Regular exercises help in normalizing digestive functions and bowel movements.

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